Friday, September 26, 2014

minnet bozdemir writes about Selçuk History

minnet bozdemir writes about Selçuk History

Selçuk History

Walking into Selcuk Gallery is a once in a blue moon journey through mesmerizing reds, imperial blues and effervescent gold. It is an exploration of geometry, proportion, symmetry and harmony, through the lands and cultures of ancient places and centruies-old craftsmanship.We have a wide selection of both fine antique and new rugs, in both oversize and unusual shapes. They are all individually hand-picked through the perspective of quality and authenticity.Many world know designs such as Hereke, Ottoman, Oushaks, Mahals, Handji Jallis, Avshars, very special and rare Anatolian and Caucasian nomadic samples and many more styles are to accentuate any home.While antiques and contemporary wool rugs represent a collective creation of centuries in this wide and unique selection, exceptionally fine Hereke silk rugs stand out to be the most respected samples of exquisite artistry and metricalous craftsmanship. Hand-made carpet is an art; moreover it`s an ancient and traditional form of art. To bring up a dramatic genuine collection together is not part of this art; is rather an everlasting passion that rises on knowledge and a certain experience distilled in time. With over 30 years of experience in the Grand Bazaar and over 80 years of manufacturing experience which is mostly identified with being a traditional school for most traditional crafts, every piece we add to our selection is purchased on a strict search authenticity and an aesthetic balance. We seek out the finest weavers, the highest quality wool and the most skilled dye masters. We travel in the country on a regular basis visiting the remote villages, observing nomads weaving in their tents and the prestigious work-shops where we purchase directly from artisans. At our 3 locations in the Grand Bazaar, from novices in the head every member of our team is dedicated to achieve the best service working together in a harmonized discipline. We like to respond every unique challenge and aesthetic needs of every client to help them make their best choices. In addition, since we believe the best form of advertisement is word of month we are further concerned about the quality of time that we can offer you in our refined yet cozy atmosphere. Thank you for your interest in the past and future. Selcuk Rug Gallery is a premier source of new and antique, one of kind hand-woven rugs located in the historical Grand Bazaar in Istanbul. We offer a selective group of distinguished antique rugs in board range of styles from the primateive weavings of the Kazak Tribe of Northern Caucasus of the most intricate and finely woven; you will explore a gentle blend of ancient traditions and modern weaving artistry within each of the Hereke, Oushak and Tabriz carpets of the oriental culture, as well as a great variety of exceptional contemporary samples such as Hand-Spun wool, natural dyes, nimble fingers and witty designs. Our friendly experienced staff is proud to respond to the unique challenges and aesthetic needs of each client from those purchasing asingle rug to experienced designers creating large collections. We are a professional team to obtain virtually any rug to satisfy any style.

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Minnet Bozdemir


Minnet Bozdemir


Minnet Bozdemir

minnet bozdemir writes about Kilims History

 minnet bozdemir writes about

Kilims History

History of Carpet & Kilim Weaving

No one knows precisely when and where the technique of weaving first started, There is no doubt that the weaving, in general, started in Central Asia. Nomadic tribes used flatweave techniques to make their tents to protect themselves from the elements. In addition, they started to use kilims, flatweave carpets, to cover their earthen floors. As nomadic tribes started to spread across western Asia, they spread their weaving techniques to the people they met. Over a period of time, the art of weaving improved and many useful items started to be made, such as saddle bags, camel bags, and cradles. Pile carpets probably appeared later in imitation of animal pelts, by adding pile to the basic flatweave kilims. The oldest surviving pile carpets were discovered in a grave of a Syncthian prince in the Pazyryk valley of the Altai mountains in Siberia by the Russian archaeologist, Rudenko in 1947. This carpet, carbon dated to the 5th century BC, was woven with the Turkish double knot. It shows great sophistication, showing that there was already a long history of pile carpet weaving by this time.

Chatal Hoyuk, an 8000-year old town

History of Turkey

The history of Turkey is astoundingly long, with human occupation dating back to the late Paleolithic period around 10,500 B.C., at the site of Karain Cave. Agriculture was established around 7000 B.C. and by approximately 6500 B.C., the Neolithic period, a village was established at the site of Çatal Höyük in Central Anatolia with energetic wall paintings, figurines and early pottery. The Chalcolithic period followed, at sites such as Hacılar around 5000 B.C., with beautiful pottery and copper artifacts. By the Early Bronze Age (2600-1900 B.C.), Anatolian cities started to develop at sites such as Kültepe.

In the Middle Bronze Age (1900-1600 B.C.), the Hittites moved into Anatolia from the area east of the Black Sea and established a sophisticated civilization with graceful pottery, ironwork, and gold. The Hittite Empire was later weakened by cities along the Aegean coast, including Troy. Eventually, they were destroyed around 1100 B.C. by a massive invasion of the mysterious ‘sea peoples,’ and the vacuum was filled by smaller Greek-related states such as the Phrygians, Urartians, and Lydians.

In 560 B.C., Croesus, the leader of Lydia brought all of the Greek colonies under his control, but was soon overthrown by Cyrus of Persia in 546 B.C. However, the Greek cities continued their efforts to overthrow the power of Persia for the next two hundred years, resulting in numerous battles.

This finally settled with the conquest by Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. Small kingdoms were built, which lasted almost two hundred years, until the Roman conquest. By 129 B.C., the Romans established the province of Asia with its capital at Ephesus. It was during this peaceful Roman period, when the concept of an universal Christian church was developed in Antioch (modern Antakya) and St. Paul and his disciples traveled throughout the Roman Empire.

By around A.D. 250, the Roman Empire had weakened. In the mid-sixth century, as the western Roman Empire was falling apart, Emperor Justinian was able to bring the eastern capital, Byzantine Empire, to its greatest strength reconquering Italy, the Balkans, Anatolia, Egypt, and North Africa. However, his successors were not strong enough to maintain the Byzantine Empire. One of the forces was the birth of Islam in A.D. 612 and the development of the Muslim Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties which continually challenged the power and status of the Byzantine Empire. In addition, the Great Seljuk Turkish Empire from Persia started to challenge the already weakened Byzantine Empire by the early 11th century and became the dominant power in Anatolia. However, the Seljuk power quickly declined and another nomadic group, the Ottoman Turks began to expand into Anatolia. For a time, the Mongols took over much of Anatolia, defeating the Ottomans, but in 1453 the Ottomans captured Constantinople (modern Istanbul), forming the Ottoman Empire, dominating a wide geographic area covering southeastern Europe, parts of southwestern Russia, northern Africa, and the Middle East. The Ottoman Empire flourished until 1923 when Kemal Atatürk established the Turkish Republic, as the Ottoman Empire grew weaker due to repeated wars and emergence of nationalist movements in the Balkans.

Galeri Selçuk

minnet bozdemirGaleery Selcuk 000HRK01
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Minnet Bozdemir writes about The art of Turkish carpet

Galleri Selcuk

minnet bozdemirThe art of Turkish carpet weaving first started in central Asia. The oldest known "knotted" carpet (5th BC) was discovered in the Pazyryk valley, about 5000 feet up on the Altai Mountains in Siberia.

Certainly, the people of the Altai Mountains, in the Scythian era, lived a lifestyle that was economically dependant on animal husbandry. With the materials garnered from their cattle, goats, sheep and horses, they made felt to cover the outside of their nomadic dwellings, called yurts. Surely they would have used the same materials to cover their earthen floors, protecting themselves from the cold, harsh conditions of Siberia.

The 6’0” X 6’6” carpet is made with an average knot count of 225 knots per square inch. It is made of a wool pile, knotted around a wool base and displays a skill matching the artistry of contemporary weavers.

As a reflection of their mythology and “animal husbandry” lifestyle, geometrical patterns and animal figures has been clearly seen on the carpet.
minnet bozdemir

minnet bozdemir writes about Carpets History

Gallery Selcuk

Carpets History 

Gallery Selcuk  Carpets reflect the culture of a people and with their attractive colors and designs convey artistic messages to people of other cultures, thus become a universal means of discourse. When you observe their surface lines and delineate the motifs in their repetitious rhythm, symmetrical harmony, dominance and hierarchy, balance and unity, you will appreciate why carpet weaving is one of the most beautiful artistic activities.

The Turkish  carpet weaving underwent changes in designs, but the main characteristics remained intact. In the earlier examples, geometrical forms like stars, squares, hexagons and octagons were dominant; roses or roselike forms and other floral patterns constituted the motifs. (Resim syf. IV)

In the period following the acceptance of Islam, the mihrab (altar), the kandil (candle) and the ibrik (kettle) became dominant figures, especially of the Turkish Seccade, the prayer rug, a small carpet used during prayer. (Resim syf. V)

The Europeans took notice of the Turkish carpets during the First Crusade, 1096-1099. Later on these were brought to Europe by merchants to decorate the palaces, castles, houses of the rich and even the churches. The pure silken carpets, especially, were symbols of displaying wealth. One of the aims of carpet weaving tradition in Anatolia was the preparation of a dowry for the would-be bride. In time trade contacts widened the scope of this activity and it became a source for family income. Today hand-woven carpets occupy a foreground among the export articles of our national economy.
The art of carpet weaving, which has been on for the past 3500 years, is one of the oldest professions in the world. Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian and partly Hellenistic-weaving tended to produce clothes and were concentrated more on embroidery than on carpentry, in contrast with the people of central Asia, who produced carpets and kilims with the aim of protecting themselves from the cold climate.

minnet bozdemir

Minnet Bozdemir galeri Selçuk services

Minnet Bozdemir  Galeri Selçuk services

 Gallery selcuk

Carpet & Kilims Repair

Caring for Rugs and Kilims

We have years of extensive experience in providing the skilled care necessary to preserve thousands of hand knotted rugs and hand woven kilims, including treasured family heirlooms, collectible museum-quality antique rugs, and pieces appreciated for their decorative value in clients' homes. 

As we often illustrate on our blog, to repair and restore rugs and kilims is a skill and labor-intensive process, which can include:

  •     sourcing the right yarns to be used for the repair or restoration
  •     protecting the surrounding areas around the damage
  •     rebuilding all damaged or missing warp
  •     reknotting pile while recreating missing or damaged motifs
  •     weaving weft to tighten knots or to recreate missing motifs as in the case of kilims
  •     binding selvages (selvedges) to prevent the edges from fraying
  •     binding and rebuilding fringes to prevent unraveling

We believe that combining these steps to restore a handmade rug or kilim is an art form in which we take great pride.

We provide a full range of superior kilim and rug repair and restoration services, including those necessary to address the following common problems faced by rug and kilim owners:

  •     worn fringes
  •     holes and/or torn areas
  •     moth damage
  •     pile wear
  •     kilim unraveling
  •     selvage (selvedge) wear

We are committed to providing our clients with the knowledge they need to make informed decisions about how to care for and preserve their rugs and kilims for years to come.   As such, we provide free inspections of all clients' rugs and kilims in need of repair or restoration.  During these inspections, we provide detailed explanations of the various repair and restoration options available to our clients.  In addition, we provide clear and detailed information regarding the price of all repair and restoration options available to our clients.

Please call us at +90 (212) 527 6063,  or email us at or to learn about scheduling a free inspection of any rugs or kilims you believe may need repair or restoration.

Frequently Asked Questions About Restoration & Repair

The fringes on my rug are coming undone.  Is there something I can do?

Absolutely.  Fringes can be repaired and bound.  It is important to have this repair done as soon as possible.  The more fringes unravel, the more difficult and costly the repair will be. 

Is there a difference between rug repair and rug restoration?

People often refer to rug repair and restoration interchangeably.  Technically, a restoration, however, implies that the work is meant to restore a piece to its original state.  A repair is meant to fix a problem, which may or may not mean that it will be restored to its original state.  As such, in some instances, a restoration can be the same thing as a repair.  However, in some instances, to properly restore a rug will require more than just repairing a specific problem such as fringe unraveling.  When we examine your piece, we will tell you the options available to you, repair or restoration, and give you estimates for both.

How much does restoration or repair of a hole cost?

Because each handmade rug and kilim is one-of-a-kind and because each problem will be unique, it is impossible to state how much it will cost to address all problem areas.  This will depend on the individual circumstances.  However, we give free estimates to all of our clients at no obligation upon our inspection of their rugs and kilims.

My rug was eaten by moths.  Can it be fixed?

Yes, a rug eaten by moths can be repaired.  Before we repair it, however, we will have to professionally clean it to remove any moth larvae still living in the rug.

Do you only repair and clean Persian rugs or Oriental rugs?

No, we provide all kinds of services on handmade rugs and kilims, including cleaning and repairing Navajo rugs; dhurrie kilims; and handhooked rugs.
Examples of Our Restoration & Repair
Rug Repair:  Antique Caucasian Kazak Rug Repair
Minnet Bozdemir

 written by Reza in HWT copy right